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(Millions of Moldovan lei, unless otherwise indicated) Q1 Q2 Q3 9, 10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, Banks’ reserves. /) and % (95% CI, %–%) (n/N = /) respectively. Wang D, Yang C, Kuang T, Lei H, Meng X, et al. SIGN IN. YOUR ACCOUNT. Username. Main Details. Status and Registration. Other Names. Other Addresses. Associated LEIs. Related LEIs. Error Reporting.

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The included studies should provide drug resistance data of either new cases or previously treated cases, or both.

Supporting Information Figure S1 Forest plot of the meta-analysis on any drug resistance in new cases. Conceived and designed the experiments: Sensitivity analyses were performed after excluding those studies with sample size less than for both new cases and previously treat cases.

AHU-1 could emit exactly half of the incident wavelengths for indirectly exciting the strong absorption soret band of the photosensitizers.

These strategies are mainly classified into two categories: An aliquot was withdrawn at set time points and passed through a 0. Methods We systematically reviewed published studies on drug-resistant TB in China kei March 31,and quantitatively summarized prevalence and patterns of anti-TB drug resistance lej new cases and previously treated cases, respectively.

Prevalence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Mainland China: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

In our analyses, TB patients were divided into two subgroups: Finally, 95 studies, 7 in English and 88 in Chinese, addressing the prevalence of drug-resistant TB in new cases or in previously treated cases were identified, and please refer to Table S1 for more detailed information on study identification. Stratified analyses were subsequently performed with respect to the geographic areas, the end time of the enrollment period and DST methods absolute concentration method, the proportion method and BACTEC TB system.

Stratified analyses were performed in the present study according to the geographic areas, enrollment time and DST methods. Table S4 Distribution of different patterns of TB drug resistance among previously treated cases in China. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses.

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Data on most widely used first-line anti-TB drugs i. Please review our privacy policy. The prevalence of the drug resistance among previously treated cases might partly reflect the treatment efficacy. Third, most included studies were hospital-based rather than leo which makes the results more prone to potential selection bias.


Management of drug-resistant tuberculosis. The apartment is located inside a closed estatein a 1, square meters of garden. The present study will be a priority to consider the prevalence and distribution of drug-resistant TB in mainland China using meta-analysis based on systematic review of articles published between February and March Discussion This review addressed the prevalence and distribution of drug-resistant TB in mainland China.

This Guideline was constituted to standardize programs for TB prevention and treatment, health workers will directly observe all patients to help improve TB case management and to enhance drug resistance surveillance and control. Tourism or hospitality services are not provided. In addition, a decline of drug resistance was observed, especially among previously treated cases, with respect to the end of enrollment time.

As reported, increased drug resistance rates to the first-line anti-TB drugs and MDR were observed in China in the past decade [7][8].

However, the status of drug-resistant TB ldi China has been reported inconsistently. Furthermore, in these two study populations, the prevalence of multiple drug resistance was found to be 5.

Parties or events are not allowed, in order to guarantee the tranquility of the occupants of the rest of apartments. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. Also, standard treatment strategies and availability of second-line drugs for drug-resistant TB should be paid attention to. Results Ninety-five eligible articles, published during —, were included 14086 this review.

Chinese Ministry of Health. In addition, compared to the two-photon conveyor, SHG materials do not require the formation of excited states, which could substantially eliminate photobleaching and phototoxicity. In our recent study, a biodegradable nanoscaled coordination polymer AHU-1 with labile metal ligand bonds was synthetized, and possessed high SHG signals. Pets are not admitted. Scale bars represent nm. Original articles presented cross-sectional or cohort studies and reported the prevalence of drug resistance of TB in mainland China were considered.

Potential bias caused by the limited number of studies from areas with lsi social-economic status could not be excluded. Different patterns of drug resistance were observed with respect to geographic areas, study period and methods of drug-susceptibility testing. Streptomycin, the first anti-TB drug, was introduced in and showed impressive therapeutic outcomes [11]. However, monotherapy was found to be ineffective to against TB because of the easily appeared drug resistance.


It might be explained by the different sensitivity of the methods and reminds us to consider this important issue when systematically reviewing the results of different studies. Check in after 6 p.

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Fourth, potential language bias could not be excluded completely because our literature search only considered articles published in English and in Chinese. Materials and Methods Literature identification Studies addressing drug resistance of TB in mainland China, lwi in English or Chinese, were identified by searching for original articles in several electronic databases until 31 March Second, potential publication bias cannot be completely excluded as pronounced results are more likely to be published, especially indication of some publication bias was observed in our analyses.

Our analyses showed that the prevalence of drug-resistant TB in new cases was Bull World Health Organ. Ce6 was excited at nm. Fifth, evident heterogeneity observed in included studies should be kept in mind when interpret our results [19].

Therefore, the status of drug-resistant TB among previously treated cases should be assessed in more detail according to the characteristics of study population in the future studies. However, these estimates presented high degrees of variability because the study setting were heterogeneous i.

In order to minimize the potential bias caused by too small sample size, articles with less than subjects in the subgroup of new cases and previously treated cases were excluded. Global incidence of lek tuberculosis.

Funnel plot of the meta-analysis on any drug resistance in new cases.