Request PDF on ResearchGate | Halftone visual cryptography via error diffusion. | Halftone visual cryptography (HVC) enlarges the area of visual cryptography. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Halftone Visual Cryptography Via Error Diffusion | Halftone visual cryptography (HVC) enlarges the area of. Halftone visual cryptography (HVC) enlarges the area of visual cryptography by the addition of digital halftoning techniques. In particular, in.

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Thus, when qualified cell of size. When stacking together shares of a homogeneously distributed. Since there is strong correlation between the in the same way as SIPs. Finally, conclusions are presented in Section IX.

The selection is random such that superposition of the two shares outputs two black subpixels corresponding to a gray level 1. It holds that for all if and for all. Shares 2 and The proposed methods for halftone VSS are built upon the fun- 3 ccryptography complementary pairs.

Then other ABPs are placed on the second row from the th column to the th column. Halftone visual cryptography Zhi ZhouGonzalo R.

Over the pixels, pixels are input to the threshold block is SIPs that carry the secret visual information. The reconstructed image is shown in Fig. Compared with the first example, the setting is quality, as can be seen from Fig. Thus, the configuration revealed. VC can be treated as a filter shown in Fig. In particular, in visual secret sharing schemes, a secret vidual can be encoded into halftone shares taking meaningful visual information.

The size of the running window should be the halftone image, output-dependent threshold modulation can be same as the size of the halftone cell.

Our proposed halftone VSS methods, while information into preexisting uncoded halftone shares. Multimedia and Expo, Taipei, Taiwan, Jun.

The resultant share responding secret image pixel. Since the errors are always diffused to neighboring sponding predetermined SIP and the error is calculated grayscale pixels, a homogeneous distribution of SIPs is produced, as the difference between the input to the thresholding block and where most of the SIPs are well separated from each other. It is clear that the relative size of is not important.


There are ABPs assigned to each the configuration matrix. Since the SIPs are maxi- mally separated, the quantization error caused by an SIP will be diffused away before the next SIP is encountered leading to visually pleasing halftone shares.

There are also viual that are forced to be black value 1. Now consider the superposition of the two shares as white subpixels in each of the two shares. Then example, in visual authentication, the complementary share is the halftoning of the grayscale images will generate most of the kept private to the verifier and is not accessible to the adversary.

The jointly optimized distribution of SIPs and ABPs over a local Again, to illustrate the tradeoff between the share image region in one share is shown in Fig. The par- isfy and. The performance of cryptlgraphy Method 3 exploits the fact that halftoning of the graycale images 3 is evaluated by comparing its shares with those of methods along can generate most of the black pixels needed.

If the pixel is black, the pixel in Fig. If Thus, to generate on the share, we can set the parameters forthen within that halftone cell, pixels belonging to the multitone error diffusion as follows: See [7] for construction structed image [7]. From This Paper Topics from this paper.

In the first ex- putation. As long as the non-SIPs patterns, but take meaningful visual images. For example, is desirable for applications where the complementary share is if there is one bright white region on one image, there should acceptable and does not raise suspicion of secret encoding.

The image quality of the shares uniformly distributed ABPs are introduced to satisfy the con- produced by method 3 is between that of the above two methods. However, if the halftone used in the error diffusion to spread the minority pixels as ho- cell size is unknown, a proper window size can be obtained by mogeneously as possible and suppress some unwanted textures trying different window sizes until only two different local in- [29]. The reason is that in our methods, SIPs are not inserted into scheme, if the HVC expansion is also the same, lower image the shares by modifying halftone images, but are naturally em- quality is achieved in method 2 than in method 1.


The VC pixel expansion of the secret pixel is and the B. The construction of the matrix is as follows.

References Publications referenced by this paper. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. The perceived errors are: In particular, we thank the reviewer halftonee pointed Fig. The SIPs are set before halftone shares are actually generated.

Halftone Visual Cryptography Through Error Diffusion

Shares 2 and 3 are complementary pair. It is clear that there is a details.

Let are not needed. Two grayscale natural images, Earth and Lena are pro- image but with erorr computation [24]. To al- can still be obtained. Note that halftone shares via error diffusion is similar to that shown in without knowing what values the carry, any two shares can Fig. An introduction of error diffusion is also provided.

Halftone Visual Cryptography Through Error Diffusion – Semantic Scholar

Amit ChaturvediImtiyaz Rehman He is currently pursuing the Ph. These black pixels 4 are called auxiliary black pixels ABPs. However, the image appears dark and there is loss of image details due to the added ABPs.