Tabla Instituciones involucradas en la extracción cultivo y . secos (Secado de algas), carragenina, aga-agar, colagar o alginatos. carragenina ver el documento de FAO referenciado al final. 6 aprovechando el residuo después de la extracción de ficocoloides. 7. carrageenan carragenina / aliment carrageen, carrageenan carraguin m termo, veh motor expansion stroke; – de extraccion / Esp icf carrera de suhida smL).
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For example, if an ion-exchanged carrageenan having a first TG and a first TM is mixed with a subject to no ion exchange carrageenan having a second TG and a second TM is greater than the first TG and first TM, respectively, the resulting carrageenan would be a third TG between the first and second TG and TM third would be between the first and second TM.
The TG and TM of the mixture resulting carrageenan refer to the ratio of the amounts of the two fractions of initial carrageenan. Similarly, the mixture of carrageenan may also have a content that is gelling cation content between the two fractions of initial carrageenan, based on the ratio of the two fractions initial carrageenan.
This is further illustrated in the Examples below. Controlling the ratio of the two fractions of initial carrageenan, you can control the properties of the mixture of carageenan. In exemplary embodiments, you can combine two or more carrageenans in solution or gel form. In another exemplary embodiment, the two or more carrageenans may ds individually treated and then mixing dry powders together in dry form. When preparing gels, the cations present in two or more fractions can be interchanged to form a mixture of carrageenans as described above.
Various exemplary embodiments provide a process for preparing a mixture including carrageenan extract ion exchanged. Con referencia a la FIG. Valve 20 may be any device able to control exgraccion distribution of flow from inlet passage 10 into two portions: For example, the valve 20 may be a dispensing valve or other extrafcion device.
The valve 20 can direct the second portion 25 to and extract in an exchanger 30 ion. In exemplary embodiments, the ion exchanger 30 houses an ion exchange material, such as an acid cation exchanger in sodium form. The amount of ion exchange material and the flow rate of fluid through the ion exchanger can determine the effectiveness of ion exchange procedure ie, the amount of ions exchanged.
As the second portion 25 of extract flows through the exchanger 30 ions, carrageenan of the second portion extract is contacted with the ion exchange material, reducing the content of gelling cations carrageenan to produce a second portion 35 extract ion exchanged. The second portion 35 extrwccion extract and ion exchanged first portion 22 of extract are in a connector The connector 40 may be any device capable of combining the second portion 35 of extract ion exchanged and the first portion 22 extract to produce a 45 mixture of carrageenan.
For example, connector 40 may be a mixing valve with a T-connector Using the guidance provided herein, a person familiar with fluid flow systems would understand how to select suitable devices for the valve 20, the exchanger 30 ion and the connector 40 and other elements of the procedure 1.
According to exemplary embodiments, it can provide a means to control the flow through method 1 automatically or manually. Alternatively, the setting change process can be automatic, such as with a preprogrammed algorithm in a computer program.
Using the guidance provided herein, a person familiar with fluid flow systems will understand how to select a suitable means for controlling fluid flow through the procedure 1.
According to exemplary embodiments, the method 1 can be used to produce an extract with a carrageenan gelling temperature and predetermined fusion.
It can be dissolved in water extract of carrageenan subjected to no ion exchange ie, such as an extract of iota carrageenan or kappa extracted traditional or so neutrally extrsccion a first TG and TM to produce a solution 10 extract extracciln can be pumped under pressure to the valve The third TG and TM vary in proportion to the ratio of the first portion 22 to second portion 35 ion exchanged.
In various exemplary embodiments, the carrageenan can be used ion-exchanged or a carrxgenina including carrageenan exchange ion various products. In exemplary embodiments, the carrageenan can be used ion-exchanged or a mixture including carrageenan in ion exchanged fresheners household products such as gels. The carrageenan products of the present invention can be adapted to gel at or below the cloud point of the surfactant, thereby preventing crystals surfactant freezing the gel and thus preventing the resulting freshener carrageniba becomes cloudy and not transparent.
In exemplary embodiments, the carrageenan can be used ion-exchanged or a mixture including carrageenan in ion-exchanged gel freshener cold setting.
However, the heating provides a substantial loss of the fragrance used in the air freshener formulation as some of the material of fragrance evaporates during heating.
Carrageenan products of the exemplary embodiments can be adapted to dissolve at temperatures at or below room temperature, which eliminates the loss of fragrance. Once dissolved, the formulation of freshening liquid can be poured into the final container containing gelling cations as discussed above which together with the carrageenan form the gel network.
Such cations can be added directly to the container before filling the container with the air freshener formulation or added cations as a coating, extaccion as a coating film, wherein the extracicon is precoated. As cations diffuse into the air freshener formulation resting conditions, formulation freshener gel in a homogeneous gel.
In exemplary embodiments, the carrageenan can be used ion-exchanged or a mixture including carrageenan in ion-exchanged water in oil emulsions, such as those for use carrahenina food carrxgenina or personal care products.
Las emulsiones de agua en aceite se caracterizan por una fase carragneina continua en que se dispersa una fase extdaccion de gotitas de agua. The water in oil emulsions are characterized by a continuous oil phase in which a discontinuous phase of dispersed water droplets. In many cases it is desired that the emulsion water in oil to an oil in water is reversed at a specified temperature so that the emulsion releases its water soluble constituents.
An example is margarine, wherein the emulsion is inverted in the mouth to release aromas and water soluble salts. La gelatina es el estabilizante preferido de la fase acuosa, puesto que la gelatina asegura que la fase acuosa funda a la misma temperatura que la fase oleosa. Gelatin is the preferred stabilizer of the aqueous phase, since gelatin ensures that the aqueous phase melts at the same temperature as the exhraccion phase.
That temperature is about the temperature in the mouth and thus through saliva and mouth shear, the emulsion inverts to an oil in water and release carragenian and salt. Conventional carrageenan products can not form gels that melt at the mouth temperature but carrageenan products of the present invention can be adapted to do so.
With respect to personal care products, extracciob lotions skin care is produced as oil-in water, the aqueous phase is the continuous phase. Esto es desventajoso debido a que requiere el uso de conservantes en las formulaciones de lociones para el cuidado de la piel.
This is disadvantageous because it requires the use of preservatives in the formulations of lotions skin care. Hay un deseo de eliminar los conservantes en lociones para el cuidado de la piel, en particular conservantes del tipo parabeno, debido a que presentan alguna similitud con las hormonas.
There is a desire to eliminate preservatives in lotions skin care, in particular preservatives paraben type, because they have some similarity to hormones. The use of carrageenan products of the exemplary embodiments makes it possible carrageniba provide a lotion skin care in the form of an emulsion of water in oil.
LIXIVIACION by jose william hernandez calderon on Prezi
In these water in oil emulsions, the continuous phase does not require preservatives, but the water in oil emulsion will reverse in an oil-extended to the skin temperature and shear rubbing lotion water. Neutral extraction method Carrageenan Seaweed The neutral extraction with demineralized water was carried out by the following procedure: Determination of the gelling and melting temperatures exrtaccion carrageenan. Determining the gelling and melting temperatures of carrageenan compositions was performed using a composition with the following composition incorporating Carrageenan.
The results are presented in Tables 1 and 2 below and in Figures Tabla 1 Ccarragenina 1. Como se puede observar en las tablas anteriores y en la FIG. As can be seen in the above tables and FIG. For samples extracted kappa carrageenan neutrally, the TG for the samples ranged ion exchanged from about 10 to about 35 and the TM ranged from about 23 to about 45C.
Production, properties and uses of carrageenan 
Como se puede observar en las tablas carragenija y en las FIGS. As can be seen in the above tables and in FIGS. With the exception of the sodium ions, the levels of each of the cations decreased as the concentration increased ion exchange material. In contrast, the sodium levels increased with ion-exchange, as expected for an ion exchange resin in the sodium form. Mezclas de carragenina kappa. Mixtures of kappa carrageenan. Se prepararon mezclas para carragenina kappa tanto tradicional como neutra como sigue.
Como se puede observar en la FIG.
ES2358397T3 – Carrageenan modified by an ion exchange process – Google Patents
As can be seen in FIG. Here, the data shows that almost immediately on mixing the two fractions of carrageenan composition cation of the resulting mixture was approximately the midpoint of the cation composition of the respective individual kappa fractions carrageenan.
Ion Exchange of Traditional and neutral iota carrageenan. In this example Eucheuma spinosum was extracted using the respective methods provided above, to produce “Traditional Iota Carrageenan” and “Carrageenan Iota Neutra”.
Mezclas de carrageninas iota. Se prepararon mezclas para carrageninas iota tanto tradicional como neutra como sigue. The results are presented in Tables 3 and 4 above, dde in Figures Como se puede ver en la FIG. As you can be seen in FIG. Here, the data shows that almost immediately on mixing of the two fractions of carrageenan composition cation of the resulting mixture was approximately the midpoint of the composition of the respective fractions cations iota carrageenan individual.
The previous examples illustrate various aspects of the production of carrageenan in an ion ds. However, the time during which have contacted the two fractions of carrageenan in dissolved, was not monitored closely. During the preparation of the combined fractions, carrqgenina contact time, but the contact time during the preparation of samples freshener gel, the contact time during cooling and the contact time the samples were monitored before they were measured freshener gel, not specifically monitored and have varied from a few hours to several days.
Thus, it was not determined as rapid equilibrium ions found in the two fractions of carrageenan at the molecular level. Mezclas de carrageninas iota tradicional. Mixtures of traditional iota carrageenan. The time elapsed from the mixing of the two fractions freshener gel and the time measurement began was less than 5 minutes.
The results are presented in Table 5 below and FIG. Tabla 5 table 5. Effect of the mixing ratio of TG and TM of traditional iota carrageenan mixture. Como extarccion puede observar a partir de los datos anteriores y la FIG. As you can be seen from the above data and FIG. At a ratio of 1: Mezclas de carrageninas iota secas en agua y aceite. Dry iota carrageenan in water and oil. En el siguiente experimento, se mezclaron mezcla secas de las mismas dos fracciones de carragenina iota tradicional que se usaron para generar los resultados del Ejemplo 5 y se combinaron con agua y aceite, como sigue.
In the following experiment, the same dry mix two fractions traditional iota carrageenan that were used to generate the results of Example 5 ce combined with water and oil, as follows mixed. In the first sample, 0. The time from the beginning of the dispersion at the beginning of the measurement was 16 minutes.
In the second sample, 0. It was immediately transferred to the rheometer sample. Dispersion time since the beginning of the measurement was 5 minutes.
The results demonstrate that can dry mix fractions of carrageenan with different TG and TM and still obtain the same result, ie, obtain a carrageenan gel with TG and TM that are between the TG and TM of the fractions of individual carrageenan.