The CRAFFT Screening Interview. Begin: “I’m going to ask you a few questions that I ask all my patients. Please be honest. I will keep your answers confidential.” . that you sniff or “huff”)? Put “0” if none. The CRAFFT Questionnaire (version ). Please answer all questions honestly; your answers will be kept confidential. The CRAFFT is a (updated version of a) behavioral health screening tool for use with children ages and is recommended by the American Academy of .
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Concordance between self-report substance use and toxicology among HIV-infected and uninfected at risk youth. Future work should extend these findings to other geographic regions that are heavily impacted by HIV in the United States.
In contrast, the CRAFFT addresses both alcohol and other substance use in six items and has a relatively simple scoring system. These findings also suggest a need to increase the capacity of systems and communities to provide substance abuse treatment for adolescents.
Explicit use of et al. What This Study Adds. Comparison at intake and 6 months later. A receiver operating characteristic area of 1 upper-left corner of the graph theoretically indicates that the test is always correct, and an area of 0.
Route of HIV acquisition. Prevalence rates among adolescent patients seen in other clinics, family practices, or general pediatric practices may be different. The findings on prevalence may be further limited, in that the study sample, although generally reflective of the clinic population at large, was not selected randomly. Validity was not significantly affected by age, sex, or race.
They may require staff time for administration or scoring. Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more. Comparison of clinical, laboratory, and self-report screening procedures.
A number of screening devices are available for this purpose, including brief questionnaires and orally administered tests. They may also pose a risk to adolescents’ confidentiality, especially when parents are present quesrionnaire the waiting area. From December through Januaryyouth living with HIV were recruited at 20 geographically diverse clinics to participate in a cross-sectional survey.
Create a free personal account to access your subscriptions, sign up for alerts, and more. New approaches, such as office-based interventions, must be developed to adequately meet the need for treatment. Current Drug Abuse Reviews. Winters, PhD, for consultation on the study measurement battery; and S. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.
J Adolesc Health Care. Adult programs rarely accept younger adolescents, and they are not designed to respond to the unique developmental needs of younger or older adolescents. Demographic differences by screening positive on the CRAFFT among participants who reported weekly or qufstionnaire marijuana use and any non-marijuana illicit drug use in the past 3 months. At the conclusion of the medical visit, the primary care provider ie, physician or crafff practitioner invited eligible patients to participate in the study.
Questiionnaire compared to the U. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Substance-related problems and disorders were highly prevalent in the clinic we studied, affecting more than 1 in 4 patients. Approximately one half of participants had used alcohol or other drugs during the past year, and more than one fourth had experienced alcohol- or drug-related problems.
Gamarel1, 2 Kimberly M. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Youth were informed that the survey would ask questions about their health, sexual behaviors and substance use behaviors. The screen can be orally administered, and it has a convenient mnemonic, based on key words in each of the 6 yes or no questions. We informed providers at the beginning of the study and periodically reminded them that their patient need not ever have used alcohol or other drugs to participate.
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This practice serves both inner-city and suburban youth from a wide range of social strata, racial groups, and ethnic backgrounds. All data were entered twice into a specially questionnalre data management program based on Access 97 software Microsoft, Redmond, Washwhich included automatic range and logic checks and an entry-tracking log. However, we cannot assess to what degree they followed this instruction; provider selection bias, resulting in crzfft than actual prevalence estimates for disorders, remains a possibility.
In light of the risks associated with substance use, screening YPLH for substance use is critical.
CRAFFT Screening Test – Wikipedia
Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account. Finally, we used a series of chi-square analyses to examine whether there were differences in key sociodemographic characteristics i. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. To date, the CRAFFT has been utilized in samples cfafft youth living with HIV as an indicator of problematic substance use 18 — 21 ; however, to our knowledge, research has yet to validate its use by examining how it is associated with self-report substance use behaviors.
Preventive services in a health maintenance organization. Therefore, we included tobacco use as a substance use variable to determine whether the CRAFFT would be helpful tool for identify tobacco users.
CRAFFT Substance-related risks and problems Screening Questionnaire for Adolescents
Table 2 presents bivariate quesionnaire of those who screened positive on the CRAFFT with those who did not on each of the substance use variables. However, the relative risk of a false-positive test eg, additional interview is low compared with that of a false-negative ie, missed diagnosis and opportunity for early intervention. Any Non-Marijuana Drug Use.